(Malay: Melaka), dubbed The Historic State or Negeri Bersejarah among
locals) is the third smallest Malaysian state, after
Perlis and Penang. It is located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula,
on the Straits of Malacca. It borders Negeri Sembilan to the north and
the state of Johor to the south.
The capital is Malacca City, which is 148 km south east of Malaysia's
capital city Kuala Lumpur, 235 km north west to
Johor's largest city
Johor Bahru and 95 km north west to
Johor's second largest city
Pahat. This historical city centre has been listed as a UNESCO World
Heritage Site since 7 July 2008.
Although it was the location of one of the earliest Malay sultanates,
the monarchy was abolished when the Portuguese conquered it in 1511.
The Yang di-Pertua Negeri or Governor, rather than a Sultan, acts as
the head of state now.
The Ayer Keroh exit at the North-South highway is the main entry to
Malacca. There are two additional exits along the North-South highway,
namely the Simpang Ampat and Jasin exits.
Pulau Sebang in Alor Gajah district, 30 km north of Malacca, is the
nearest train station that serves Malacca. There were railway tracks
from Pulau Sebang to Malacca before World War II but these were
dismantled by the Japanese for the construction of the Burmese Death
Railway. It was never rebuilt after the war, though traces of the line
Malacca has a bus station, Melaka Sentral which has inter and
intra-city bus lines.
Batu Berendam Airport in Batu Berendam mainly
serves Pekan Baru, Subang, Medan and chartered flights from around the
region. It also serves as a flight school for Malaysia Flying Academy.