one of the 13 states of Malaysia, is the second largest state in
Peninsular Malaysia bordering Kedah and Yala Province of
the north, Penang to the northwest,
Kelantan and Pahang to the east,
Selangor the Strait of Malacca to the south and west.
Perak means silver in Malay. The name comes probably from the silvery
colour of tin. In the 1890s, Perak, with the richest alluvial deposits
of tin in the world was one of the jewels in the crown of the British
Empire. However, some say the name comes from the "glimmer of fish in
the water" that sparkled like silver. The Arabic honorific of the
State is Darul Ridzuan, the Land of Grace.
Ipoh, the state capital of Perak, was known historically for its
tin-mining activities until the price of tin dropped, which severely
affected the state economy. The royal capital, however, is set in
Kuala Kangsar, where the palace of the Sultan of Perak is located.